Copper

Biological role



Copper is an important component of many enzymes in the body and play an important role in cell energy production. Activity of these enzymes is highest in the heart, brain, liver and kidney.

In addition, enzymes that are responsible for connective tissue proteins formation (collagen and elastin) require copper. Copper is necessary for the development and maintenance of blood vessels, skin, bones and joints.

It helps in preserving cells of the nervous system. Also has a beneficial effect on osteoporosis (brittle bone disease due to lack of calcium).

Copper is involved in the release of iron from their depot, the creation of bone marrow and maturation of red blood cells.

Copper is essential for the synthesis of phospholipids of cell membranes and thus maintain myelin that separates the nerve cell from the environment and regulates the levels of the neurotransmitters.

Copper is a component of the enzyme copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu / Zn SOD), which serves as an antioxidant essential to preserve the body from damage caused by free radicals. Matching the copper and zinc is important for the normal functioning of the body.

Copper is very important in creating the immune response to infection. During the inflammatory process or infection, the mobilization of the two compounds in their structure include ion copper superoxide dismutase and ceruloplasmin. Copper is also necessary for the maturation and function of T cells.

It also plays an important role in the contraction of the heart muscle, as well as in the healthy functioning of small blood vessels that control blood flow, nutrients and waste products. It affects the normal functioning of muscles and blood vessels involved in the lining of blood vessels.

Melanin (natural pigment located in the hair and skin) includes enzymes that contain copper. Enzyme histaminase that metabolizes the amino acid histamine, requires copper for its functioning. Copper is also involved in the metabolism of fat and cholesterol, as well as the normal functioning of insulin (which regulates the metabolism of sugar). Is involved in the synthesis of prostaglandins (substances that regulate many functions such as heart rate, blood pressure and wound healing).