Chromium is absorbed from the small intestine at the same way as zinc. It is transmitted to the tissue attached to transferrin and it appears in mitochondria, microsomes and liver cytosol. Chromium is excreted primarily in the urine.

Absorption of chromium from food is relatively low - only 2-10% chromium ingested with food is absorbed. Organic chromium is absorbed better than inogranic. Absorption of chromium is increased in the presence of oxalate and in the cases of iron deficiency. Absorption also decreases with age.